Native American genealogy is a fascinating topic, but it can be hard to know where to find records.
This guide will give an overview of resources to get you started on tracing your family lineage.
Sampling of Books that may aid in genealogical research:
Microfilm - Genealogical and newspaper resources (many available online), including:
Maps - Can include trails, territories, land ownership, and emigration. Available in the Archives and online.
Madison County Records Center - Local government records like wills, deeds, birth/marriage/death records, and court records. These are usually more modern records, though many date back to the 1800s.
National Archives - This free website contains in-depth explanation of and extensive details regarding American Indian records. It offers resources for genealogists and educators.
Ancestry.com - The library offers patrons access to Ancestry.com library edition for free. Use your library card number and PIN to access this database on our computers or bring your device to access it over the library Wi-Fi. Records available through Ancestry include census records, family trees compiled by other users, immigration records and more. This database is not available to at home users.
The Special Collections Department is always available to answer questions and offer suggestions on furthering your research. Local genealogy groups and online forums are also a great way to meet fellow researchers and learn more about the wonderful world of genealogy.
What are "Rolls"?
Rolls refers to the Bureau of Indian Affairs Records. The BIA gathered, collected, and created numerous rolls involving American Indians to identify members of various tribes and bands, including Freedmen. Rolls were created as a result of allotments, legislation, removals, treaties, and other activities. The BIA then used the rolls to created additional documentation - often using the same rolls for multiple purposes.
This list covers just some of the rolls that exist. Many are accessible online through Ancestry.com and the National Archives. Some are accessible in print format through the library.
Note that because the purpose of rolls vary, the information contained therein also varies. BIA rolls can contain names, enrollment numbers, ages, family relations, locations, and more.
All of the above, as well as employment, military, and school records can be found online through the National Archives.